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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 33 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 于宗先,2008。「M型社會的隱憂」,『經濟前瞻』。119期,91-95。
  2. 林金源,1997。「家庭結構變化對臺灣所得分配及經濟福利分配的影響」,『人文 及社會科學集刊』。9卷,4期,39-63。
  3. 莊碩立,2004。「臺灣汽車車體險理賠因素分析:受限制分量迴歸之應用」。碩士論文,國立臺灣大學財務金融學研究所。
  4. 彭素玲,2009。「人口年齡結構、所得分配與產業結構轉型對臺灣民間消費與總體產出之影響」,『臺灣經濟預測與政策』。39卷,2期,51-101。
  5. Aghion, P., E. Caroli, and C. Garcia-Penalosa, 1999. “Inequality and Economic Growth: The Perspective of the New Growth Theories,” Journal of Economic Literature. 37: 1615–1660.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭景名(2010)。台灣飲食消費分配不均與影響因素之探討。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2010。1-70。 
  2. 陳英玉(2014)。台灣家庭美容美髮消費支出影響因素之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒生活美學產業碩士專班學位論文。2014。1-49。
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