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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 118 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王牧羣、吳中興、周宇光、揚朝輝(2008).小兒氣喘的預防與治療.基層醫學,23(8),245-252。
  2. 林虹良、王瑞霞(2006).台灣兒童氣喘的危險因子.高雄護理雜誌,23(1),23-32。
  3. 林雅蘋、蔡芸芳(2001).系統性護理指導對心臟衰竭患者疾病知識、態度及自我照顧行為之影響.慈濟醫學,13(2),105-111。
  4. 孫銘敏(2010).時是今非:壓力式定量噴霧吸入劑的演進.台灣氣喘衛教學會會刊,21,24-27。
  5. 徐世達(2006).以氣喘控制為導向之氣喘階梯式治療.台灣兒童過敏氣喘及免疫學會通訊,7(4),2-5。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳琪瑛(2017)。探討台灣中部醫學中心與區域醫院的健康教育教材之適讀性與適用性。中國醫藥大學護理學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-96。
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