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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 270 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 一、史料文獻
  2. 不著撰人,《宋史全文續資治通鑑》。北京:北京圖書館出版社,2006中華再造善本據復旦大學圖書館中國國家圖書館藏元刻本影印。
  3. 不著編者,《十先生奧論註》,收入《景印文淵閣四庫全書》第1362冊。臺北:臺灣商務印書館,1983據國立故宮博物院藏本影印。
  4. 不著編者,《宋文選》,收入《景印文淵閣四庫全書》第1346冊。臺北:臺灣商務印書館,1983據國立故宮博物院藏本影印。
  5. 不著編者,《新刊國朝二百家名賢文粹》,收入《宋集珍本叢刊》第93-94冊。北京:線裝書局,2004據宋慶元三年(1197)書隱齋刊本影印。
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