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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [12] 行政院農業委員會,2002-2010,糧食供需年報。
  2. [16] 行政院環境保護署,2009,飲用水水質標準,環署毒字第0980106331E號。
  3. [19] 呂坤泉、許志聖、楊嘉凌,2005,「水稻的栽培生態分類與稻米市場分類」,台中區農業專訊,第50期,24-27頁。
  4. [23] 洪堯昆,2011,「台灣與日本糧食政策之比較分析研究—以糧食安全政策與相關措施為例」,淡江大學亞洲研究所碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  5. [27] 陳彥錡,2011,「複合投入產出分析應用於台灣企業的水足跡—以矽晶太陽能電池製造商為例」,成功大學環境工程研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丘坤華(2013)。產品碳足跡與水足跡標示對綠色消費行為之影響研究。淡江大學管理科學學系企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-84。 
  2. 沈彣穎(2012)。在環境基準不確定模式下運用GaBi LCA軟體探討水足跡計算方法─以DVD-R光碟片製造為例。淡江大學管理科學學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-85。 
  3. 邱從甲(2015)。第二代生質酒精水足跡之研究 -以稻稈與蔗渣為例。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2015。1-68。 
  4. 陳映榕(2017)。提升蔬菜作物水分利用效率之灌溉方式。臺灣大學 園藝暨景觀學系學位論文。2017。1-155。 
  5. 潘嘉妤(2012)。企業水資源管理與產品水足跡案例探討。臺北大學自然資源與環境管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-119。
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