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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 55 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.吳冠穎、吳肖琪、洪燕妮、吳君誠、林麗蟬、胡漢華。台灣腦中風病人急性後期照顧需要之探討。臺灣公共衛生雜誌,2012,31(3),頁 251-262。
  2. 4.宋建美、李明德。老年腦中風個案對遠距居家照護需求探討-從主要照顧者照護觀點。福祉科技與服務管理學刊,2015,3(3),頁 369-370。
  3. 5.李春瑾。運用服務設計發展醫院服務藍圖。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA),2015。
  4. 6.邱弘毅。腦中風之現況與流行病學特徵。台灣腦中風學會會訊,2008,15(3),頁2-4。Retrieved from:
  5. 7.張軒齊。緊急醫療服務流程改善與績效評估之機制研究—以新北市緊急救護服務為例。臺灣大學商學研究所,2012。
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