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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 141 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王叢桂(2000)。〈促進參與父職因素的探討〉,《應用心理研究》,6: 131-171。
  2. 11. 吳嘉瑜、蔡素妙(2006)。〈父親派外對家庭的影響─從成年前期學生的回溯經驗中探討〉,《中華輔導學報》,19: 137-173。
  3. 12. 呂玉瑕、伊慶春(2005)。〈社會變遷中的夫妻資源與家務分工:台灣70年代與90年代社會文化脈絡的比較〉,《台灣社會學》,10: 41-94。
  4. 16. 杜宜展、吳青蓉(2009)。〈父職角色信念與母職守門關係之研究〉,《育達學院學報》,18: 165-192。
  5. 17. 林群穎(2013)。《跨國分偶家庭之親子關係:以台商台幹家庭為例》。清華大學社會學研究所碩士論文。
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