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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 348 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 古鴻廷,1994。《東南亞華僑的認同問題(馬來篇)》。台北:聯經出版公司。
    2. 李道緝,1999。〈近代海外華人國家認同的塑造: 以中暹建交談判為例 (1869-1937)〉,《政大史粹》,第1期,頁1-33。
    3. 李盈慧,2004。〈海外華人認同的三種論述:評顏清湟、古鴻廷、王賡武的三部著作〉,《東南亞學刊》,第1卷第1期,頁101-104。
    4. 陳堅任、吳建華,2006。〈是故鄉,還是異鄉?從東莞台校學生的學習經驗看台商子女的身分認同意象〉,《師大學報:教育類》,第51卷第2期,2006年,頁173-193。
    5. 陳尚懋,2008/6。〈塔克辛執政前後的泰國政商關係〉,《問題與研究》,第47卷第2期,頁151-179。
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