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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王振寰,1988,〈國家角色,依賴發展,與階級關係〉,《台灣社會研究季刊》,第二卷第一期,頁117-144。
    2. 王振寰,1993,〈臺灣新政商關係的形成與政治轉型〉,收錄於徐正光、蕭新煌,1995,《台灣的國家與社會》,台北:東大圖書公司,頁71-114。
    3. 何明修,2003,〈政治機會結構與社會運動之研究〉,發表於台灣社會學年會,台北:政治大學。
    4. 吳介民,2002,〈解除克勞塞維茲的魔咒:分析當前社會改革運動的困境〉,《台灣社會學》,第4期,頁159-198。
    5. 周志宏,2003,《教育法與教育改革》,台北:高等教育。
    Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
    1. 楊鎮宇(2008)。教師工會運動與人本教育基金會的體罰論述:從批判教育學觀點的反思。清華大學社會學研究所學位論文。2008。1-122。 
    2. 姚招帆(2017)。公立高級中等以下學校教師成績考核辦法之法解釋論及法政策論之研究。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2017。1-142。 
    3. 葉德聖(2012)。臺灣客家運動之未來方程式:形成與發展(1987-2012)。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2012。1-289。 
    4. 陳康宏(2009)。戰後臺灣客家運動之研究:以(客家風雲雜誌)與(客家雜誌)為中心。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2009。1-195。 
    5. 謝馥宇(2006)。國民中學組織運作中教師人權研究?以北部六縣市為例。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2006。1-240。
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