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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 12 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 2.人本教育基金會(2002), 《國中違反常態編班狀況調查報告》, 人本教育基金會。
    2. 3.--------------(2003), 《各縣市升學編班狀況調查報告》, 人本教育基金會。
    3. 5.張苙雲(2003a), 《台灣教育長期追蹤資料庫: 第一波(2001) 學生資料[公共使用版電子檔]、家長資料[公共使用版電子檔]》, 中央研究院調查研究專題中心。
    4. 6.------(2003b), 《台灣教育長期追蹤資料庫: 第一波(2001) 資料使用手冊、第一波(2001) 國中學生問卷》, 中央研究院調查研究專題中心。
    5. 8.Betts, Julian R. and Shkolnik, Jamie L. (2000), “The effects of ability grouping on student achievement and resource allocation in secondary schools”, Eco-nomics of Education Review, 19(1), 1–15.
    Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李明璜(2012)。數學能力分組教學對國中生學習成就與學習態度之影響。中興大學應用數學系所學位論文。2012。1-172。 
    2. 江羿臻(2008)。利用分類與迴歸樹探討中學生學習成就的相關因素。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2008。1-148。
    3. 陳威霖(2010)。國中能力分班與學生數學成就的關係。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2010。1-91。
    4. 黃曉惠(2011)。應用臺灣教育長期追蹤資料庫(TEPS)探討國中學生學習表現之影響因素。臺北大學統計學系學位論文。2011。1-193。
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