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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 38 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王儀(2009)。 農村青年留農選擇之研究,農業推廣學研究所(第 1-81頁): 國立臺灣大學。
  2. 王儀真、陳美芬、方珍玲、王俊豪(2011)。青年農民留農選擇之研究,農業推廣學報(第28期,第53-67頁)。
  3. 吳宣萱、陳祈睿(2020)。產銷履歷向前行,產品資訊更透明,農政與農情(第333期,第6-12頁)。
  4. 吳建銘(2016)。雲嘉南地區蔬菜產業青年農民經營管理之研究-以百大青農專案為例,臺南區農業改良場研究彙報(第90-106頁)。
  5. 林勇信(2011)。影響新進農民從農因素之研究-以漂鳥結訓學員為例, 高雄區農業改良場研究彙報(第 22冊, 第18-36頁)。
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