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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 34 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 財團法人臺灣營建營研究院 2002 國土資訊系統應用於公共建設(全生命週期)管理機制之研究,台北:行政院公共工程委員會
  2. Chua, C. E. H, Chiang, R. H. L. & Lim, E. P. 2002. On Conceptual Micro-Object Modeling, Journal of Database Management, 13(3):1-16
  3. Hardy, P.G. 1998. Map Production from An Active Object Database, Using Dynamic Representation and Automated Generation at /pdf/bcs98pgh.pdf
  4. Heikkila, E. J. 1998. GIS is Dead; Long Live GIS, Journal of the American Planning Association, v64: 350-360
  5. Hornsby, K. and Egenhofer, M. J. 2000. Identity-based Change: A Foundation for Spatio-temporal Knowledge Representation, Int. J. Geographical Information Science, 14(3): 207-224.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張靖志(2007)。運用探針車與空間分析方法於市區道路服務水準評估之研究 -以桃園縣蘆竹鄉中正路至南崁路路段為例。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2007。1-120。 
  2. 蔡志強(2008)。時空資料庫之研究 以土地使用分區變遷為例。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2008。1-110。
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