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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bateman, L. J. and R. K. Turner (1992), “Evaluation of the Environment: The Contingent Valuation Method”. CSERGE Working Paper GEC 92-118.
  2. Bishop, R. C. and T. Heberlein (1979), “Measuring Values of Extra-Market Goods: Are Indirect Measure Biased?” American Journal of Agricultural Economics. 61(4): 926-930.
  3. Brookshire, D. S., B. C. Ives and W. D. Schulze (1976), “The Valuation of Aesthetic Preference.” Journal of Environmental Economics and Management. 62(3): 325-329.
  4. Cummings, R. D., D. S. Brookshire and R. G. Schulze (1986), “Valuing Environmental Goods: An Assessment of the Contingent Valuation Methods” Rowman and Allanheld Publishers.
  5. Forsythe, S., O. Joseph and G. Charles(2002), “Assessing the Cost and Willingness to Pay for Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing in Kenya”, Health Policy and Planning, 17, pp.187-195.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳惠蘭(2013)。活化規劃的效益評估之指標建構—以澳門路環船人街棚屋規劃為例。臺北藝術大學藝術行政與管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-221。 
  2. 張婉柔(2017)。台北小印尼文化與經濟場域及其多元消費者消費特性之研究。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2017。1-120。 
  3. 邱鉅儒(2014)。行人對於捷運施工圍籬設計形式之感受分析。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2014。1-150。 
  4. 周曉柔(2013)。建築工地圍籬垂直綠化之景觀效益評估。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2013。1-150。 
  5. 陳姿吟(2013)。台北市國小圍牆改造之效益評估。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2013。1-141。 
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