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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7. 吳安妮,《平衡計分卡重點發展方向-與智慧資本相結合強化策略核心組織》,會計研究月刊,第224期,2004。
  2. 8. 吳安妮,《策略為焦點的組織—平衡計分卡式的公司如何在新企業環境中取勝(一)、(二)、(三)》,會計研究月刊,第184~186期,2001。
  3. 10. 林信惠、黃明祥,《軟體專案管理研究架構及趨勢》,資訊管理研究,第四卷第一期,2002。
  4. 11. 林怡伶,《專案管理平衡計分卡》,台灣大學資管碩士論文,2004。
  5. 14. 汪美香、葉桂珍,《高階主管對資訊部門繢效之評估準則與滿意度分析》,資管評論,第9期,1999。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳志峰(2009)。應用CMMI於國民中學校務自我評鑑流程改善之研究。亞洲大學資訊工程學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-65。
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