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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 184 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 于茂宗2007,〈司法人員、政務官、事務官及武職人員適用同一懲戒程序問題之研究〉,《復興崗學報》,89:347-364。
  2. 江明修、梅高文,2003,〈自律乎?他律乎?財團法人監督機制之省思〉,《中國行政評論》,12(2):137-160。
  3. 吳秀玲,2006,〈論我國監察權的演變與未來發展方向〉,《國家發展研究》,6(1):29-66。
  4. 吳育任,2008,《立法院對行政院課責機制之研究:以少數政府時期為例》,國立臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系碩士論文。
  5. 吳度泓,2007,《從公私合夥觀點探討我國地方公車服務之課責議題》,國立成功大學都市計劃學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林龍超(2017)。評估台灣廉政體系:基於社會菁英視角。臺灣大學公共事務研究所學位論文。2017。1-179。 
  2. 何秀英(2016)。立法院審議政府決算機制之研究。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2016。1-151。 
  3. 陳銘國(2011)。北投溫泉產業治理之研究-區公所角色觀點。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2011。1-206。 
  4. 張政亮(2011)。從民主憲政體制的變革中論我國的總統課責。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2011。1-148。 
  5. 賴彥全(Yen-Chywan Lai);王麗雲(Li-Yun Wang)(2014)。地方政府教育課責系統現況與成效探究。教育科學研究期刊。59(3)。97-132。 
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