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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丘彥南、賴孟泉、徐如維、劉弘仁(2011)〈兒童青少年精神疾病工作小組報告之一:自閉症類群障礙、溝通障礙症、智能發展障礙症、學習障礙症、注意力不足過動症之DSM-5草案內容相較於DSM-4之變革〉。《臺灣精神醫學會DSM-5通訊》,1(3),17-22。
  2. 李怡真、林以正(2006)〈愛情關係中的情緒表達衝突之縱貫研究〉。《中華心理學刊》,48(1),53-67。
  3. 余沛玲、林燕卿(2005)〈性經驗與大學生親密關係相關之研究-以某科技大學為例〉。《臺灣性學學刊》,11(2),41-60。
  4. 林純真(2009)〈智障青年的戀愛經驗及觀點探討〉。《臺灣性學學刊》,15(1),43-66。
  5. 林淑惠、黃韞臻、林佳筠(2010)〈大學生共依附、愛情關係與分手調適之相關研究〉。《臺中教育大學學報》,24(2),119-140。
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