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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 34 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 常紫薇(2002),企業組織運作之內在績效指標建立之研究—以一般系統理論為研究觀點,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文
  2. 5. 王本正 &劉上嘉(2006),新事業關鍵成功因素與核心資源關連性研究:以學術型創新育成中心為例,創業管理研究,1(1),p.155-174
  3. 6. 司徒達賢(1995),策略管理,遠流出版社
  4. 9. 李懿展(2003),航材物流中心設立與經營之重要因素研究,台中健康暨管理學院經營管理研究所碩士論文
  5. 16. 鐘正郎(2002),全球運籌體系中生產與配送模式之整合研究,國立成功大學工業管理研究所碩士論文
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉宗原(2014)。電子供應鏈重整物流新佈局。臺灣大學企業管理碩士專班學位論文。2014。1-41。 
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