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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 18 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. National Transportation Communications for ITS Protocol (NTCIP) Guide, NTCIP Joint Standards Committee, Draft Version 2, 1997。
  2. 6. M.Mluly and M.B Pautet. “ The GSM System for Mobile Communications”.1992。
  3. 14. 財團法人資訊工業策進會,「NTCIP–like 都市交通控制系統通訊協定之研究 (一)&(二)」,交通部委託研究計劃,中華民國八十八年八十九年十二月。
  4. 參考文獻
  5. 1. 中華智慧型運輸系統協會,「台灣地區智慧型運輸系統實驗城規劃計畫(一)&(二)」,交通部委託研究計劃,中華民迴九十年三月。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張元瑞(2009)。ATMS通訊安全動態加密技術研究。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2009。1-184。 
  2. 劉宜傑(2006)。ATMS資料傳輸之資訊安全研究。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2006。1-124。 
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