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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 211 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王麗雲、曾泓富、王慧卿、張玉珍(2003).成人肥胖、肥胖型態與血脂、血糖及血壓之相關研究.長庚護理,14(3),217-225。 [Wang, L. Y., Tseng, H. F., Wang, H. C., & Chang, Y. C. (2003). The association of obesity and obesity pattern with blood lipoprotein, blood sugar, and blood pressure among adult population. Chang Gung Nursing, 14(3), 217-225. ]
  2. 台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷發展小組(2005).台灣簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展及使用手冊(第二版).台北:台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷發展小組。 [The WHOQOL-Taiwan Group. (2005). The user's manual of the development of the WHOQOL-BREF Taiwan Version. Taipei: WHOQOL-Taiwan Group.]
  3. 石曜堂、洪永泰、張新儀、劉仁沛、林惠生、張明正、張鳳琴、熊昭、吳聖良(2003).「國民健康訪問調查」之調查設計、內容、執行方式與樣本人口特性.臺灣公共衛生雜誌,22(6),419-430。 [Shih, Y. T., Hung, Y. T., Chang, H. Y., Liu, J. P., Lin, H. S., Chang, M. C., Chang, F. C., Hsiung, C. A., & Wu, S. L. (2003). The design, contents, operation and the characteristics of the respondents of the 2001 National Health Interview Survey in Taiwan. Taiwan Journal of Public Health, 22(6), 419-430.]
  4. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2013b).健康數字123國民健康指標互動查詢網站.取自 [Bureau of Health Promotion, Department of Health, Taiwan, ROC. (2013b). Health indicator 123 plus test version. Retrieved from]
  5. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2013,6月13日c).成人吸菸行為調查.取自 [Bureau of Health Promotion, Department of Health, Taiwan, ROC. (2013, June 13). Adult Smoking Behavior Surveillance System. Retrieved from]
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