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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Arora, J. S. 2011. Introduction to Optimal Design. London, Academic Press
  2. Bendsoe M. P., and Sigmund O. 2003. Topology Optimization: Theory, Methods and Applications. Berlin Heidelberg, Germany: Springer.
  3. Chen, D. W., Au, F. T. K., Tham, L. G., and Lee, P. K. K. 2000. Determination of Initial Cable Forces in Prestressed Concrete Cable-Stayed Bridges for Given Design Deck Profiles Using the Force Equilibrium Method. Computers and Structures 74: 1-9.
  4. Available at:
  5. Conn, A. R., Gould, N. I. M., and Toint, P.L. 1991. A globally convergent augmented Lagrangian algorithm for optimization with general constraints and simple bounds. Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Journal on Numerical Analysis 28(2): 545-572.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱義汎(2016)。結合梁、柱元素之開孔結構最佳化設計。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2016。1-80。 
  2. 趙九州(2017)。結合粒子群算法與人工蜂群算法於最佳化設計軟體之斜張橋設計。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2017。1-98。 
  3. 林子欽(2016)。考慮施工步驟之斜張橋最佳化設計。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2016。1-103。 
  4. 曾彥淩(2015)。孔洞於結構中之最佳化設計。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2015。1-78。 
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