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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 報導介紹部份參考文獻
  2. 一,中文部份:
  3. 人口世界(2004)。〈計劃生育第一代的婚育隱憂 ─ 對上海市副市長楊雄進行專訪〉,選自《華東新聞》,7月29日。Available at:
  4. 中國人口網(2004)。〈獨生子女:我國獨生子女負擔不輕〉,1月8日。Available at:
  5. 中國人口網(2004)。〈獨生子女:調查顯示 超過半數獨生子女贊成婚前性行
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許舒雅(2008)。桃園區高中生獨生子女的親子三角關係、同儕關係與心理健康之關聯性研究。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2008。1-113。 
  2. 陳君碩(2010)。未斷乳就哺乳?中國城市雙獨家庭研究。政治大學東亞研究所學位論文。2010。1-86。
  3. 張義平(2011)。於幽微邊境上巡禮--建構自我療癒之道。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2011。1-106。
  4. 張雅惠(2012)。青少年家庭關係與幸福感之相關。臺北大學社會學系學位論文。2012。1-47。
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