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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李文成、劉書聿、鄭博文(2008):醫材供應商評選指標之初探-層級分析法之應用。醫務管理,9,174-186。
  2. 林佳靜、張曉芬、譚醒朝、譚家惠(2005)。醫院對平衡計分卡之認知與現況分析。健康管理學刊,3(1),1-17 。
  3. 黃世傑(2006):組織轉型與策略核心組織之建構:台大醫院雲林分院個案研究。國立臺灣大學管理學院EMBA高階公共管理組商學研究所論文。9-28
  4. 黃世傑、謝國珍、王姵茹、沈旭萍(2010):組織轉型與策略核心組織之建構:台大醫院雲林分院個案研究。會計,92-105。
  5. 洪秀芬、楊銘欽、黃焜璋(2006)︰應用平衡計分卡提升績效之研究--以某公立醫院總務室為例。醫務管理期刊,8(4),348-360。
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