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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 144 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 一、中文文獻
  2. 于若蓉(2015).固定樣本追蹤資料分析.於瞿海源、畢恆達、劉長萱、楊國樞主編,社會及行為科學研究法資料分析(一版,269-314頁).東華。
  3. 李懿倫、張永源(2012).慢性病病人成人功能性健康知能程度之相關因素探討.醫與健康期刊,1(1),61-70。
  4. 李守義、蔡慈儀、蔡憶文、郭耿南(2012).「中文健康識能評估量表」簡式量表的發展與效度檢測.台灣公共衛生雜誌,31(2),184-194。
  5. 林純雯(2010).Newest Vital Sign健康素養量表中文版之信效度檢驗與應用-以幼兒職前教師爲例.健康促進與衛生教育學報,(34),1-31。
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