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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院農業委員會,2010。「糧食供需年報2007∼2009」。
  2. 行政院農業委員會,2010。「農業統計年報2007∼2009」。
  3. 行政院農業委員會,2007。「台灣農業年報」。
  4. 行政院農業委員會農糧署,2008。「臺灣地區主要農產品產銷及進出口量值」。
  5. 行政院農業委員會,2009。「病蟲害防治技術概論」,農業藥物毒物試驗所。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳淑燕(2018)。蔬菜價量關係之研究-以西螺、溪湖、臺北第一果菜批發市場為例。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2018。1-44。 
  2. 楊百岳(2012)。天氣對投票的影響-總體與個體的分析。政治大學政治研究所學位論文。2012。1-95。
  3. 張書豪(2014)。進口服飾品牌銷售的天氣效應 – 以P品牌在百貨通路為例。臺北大學國際財務金融碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-55。
  4. 林沂臻(2017)。應用希爾伯特-黃轉換法於菜價預測探討。中山醫學大學醫學資訊學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-62。
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