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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 55 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁增義,2008,《政黨論述對台灣政治經濟的影響---以民進黨執政期間為例》,臺北:國立政治大學行政管理碩士論文。
  2. 朱雲漢,2006,〈對民主與市場的反思:一個政治學者在21世紀開端的沉痛思考〉,《思想》,第3集,頁75-92。
  3. 吳佩倫,2003,《我國綜合所得稅免稅所得制度之分析:歷史制度主義觀點》,臺南:國立成功大學政治經濟學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 呂建德,2003,〈全球化、社會公民權與民主:一個初步的思考〉,《台灣政治學刊》,第7卷第2期,頁189-238。
  5. 吳士雄,2003,《臺灣選舉與財政政策關係之研究--以中央政府為例》,臺南:國立成功大學政治經濟學研究所碩士論文。
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