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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 140 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王信陽,2006,〈TFT-LCD廠商搶進關鍵零組件佈局〉,《光連雙月刊》,第63期:40-42。
  2. 王鶴偉,2006,《TFT-LCD產業群聚策略資源與競爭策略之研究》,國立台灣大學管理學院資訊管理組碩士論文。
  3. 王皓平,2006,《地方利害關係人治理模式之研究:以台北市大理街社區運動為例》,國立台灣大學政治學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 石增毅,2002,《建立「虛擬智慧園區」之地方政府推動策略—以桃園縣為例》,元智大學管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 汪明生、馬群傑,2002,〈地方競爭趨勢下之行銷實證研究─以高雄地區發展為例〉,《中國地方自治》,第55卷,第2期:4-26。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳怡錡(2009)。中小企業產業群聚網站之評估模式研究。臺北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-153。 
  2. 張淑華(2011)。都會區公寓大廈型社區網絡治理之初探:以中壢市國際會館為例。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2011。1-158。 
  3. 陳無邪(2010)。地方治理的課責研究-以北北基一綱一本政策為例。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2010。1-236。 
  4. 戴光廷(2010)。兩岸地方招商治理之形成背景與運作結構:桃園縣與蘇州市之比較分析。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2010。1-268。 
  5. 曾昭儒(2011)。地方文化行銷策略研究─以新竹縣新埔鎮客家古蹟文化為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2011。1-262。
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