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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 156 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王尤敏(2011)。銀髮族讀書會推廣和營運:臺北市立圖書館之個案研究。未出版之碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所,臺北市。
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  3. 吳宏斌、蔡東鐘(2009)。臺東縣國中生網路使用行為與網路霸凌現況之研究。網路社會學通訊,81。上網日期:民國102年6月26日,檢自:
  4. 李宗派(2009)。探討嬰兒潮之退休概念與其變遷趨勢。臺灣老人保健學刊,5(2),70-90。
  5. 李珮漪(2010)。老年人參與公共圖書館志願服務之研究:以臺北市立圖書館為例。未出版之碩士論文,國立臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所,臺北市。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡靜怡(2015)。公共圖書館失智症照護者健康資訊服務模式之探討。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2015。1-169。 
  2. 游明儒(2016)。樂齡族對公共圖書館服務之需求-以礁溪鄉為例。淡江大學資訊與圖書館學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-118。
  3. 黃念超(2016)。銀髮族於公共圖書館參考服務櫃檯互動歷程之研究 —以臺北市立圖書館為例。淡江大學資訊與圖書館學系數位出版與典藏數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-151。
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