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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 11.陳奕豪(2004),跨國企業全球佈局與協調之研討-以巨大機械為例,國立台灣大學國際企業學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 12.劉美君(2001),市場結構、行為、風險對廠商經營績效之影響-以台灣資訊電子產業之市公司為例,私立中原大學企業管理學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 13.瞿宛文(1993),成長的因素-台灣自行車產業的研究,台灣社會研究季刊第15期,65-92。
  4. 15.巨大機械股份有限公司民國86-94年度年報。
  5. 16.美利達工業股份有限公司民國86-94年度年報。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李昱汝(2010)。台灣地區折疊式自行車出口定價之研究。淡江大學國際貿易學系國際企業學碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-62。 
  2. 謝佩玲(2008)。傳統產業創新升級模式之研究─以台灣自行車業A-Team為例。政治大學智慧財產研究所學位論文。2008。1-115。
  3. 張棕凱(2008)。時間數列與灰預測模型的比較-以台灣自行車成車出口產值為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2008。1-103。
  4. 吳惠玲(2011)。廠商規模、行為與績效之研究—以成立A-TEAM後的自行車產業為例。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2011。1-90。
  5. 胡嘉琪(2011)。台灣營建業經營績效之研究。臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2011。1-57。
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