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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王偉信(2004)。《親友對憂鬱病患的反應:覺知尋求再保證與關係義務感的機制探討》(未發表之碩士論文)。國立臺灣大學心理學研究所,臺北市。
  2. 石世明(2001)。〈朝向臨終的希望〉。《安寧療護雜誌》,6,52-57。
  3. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2009)。《老人健康促進計畫(2009-2012)》。
  4. 余德慧、李維倫、林耀盛、余安邦、陳淑惠、許敏桃、…、石世明(2004)。〈倫理療癒作為建構臨床心理學本土化的起點〉。《本土心理學研究》,22,253-325。
  5. 余德慧、徐臨嘉(1993)。〈詮釋中國人的悲怨〉。《本土心理學研究》,1,301-328。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝美月(2017)。鏡中的我-一個女兒照護年老父親的自我探尋。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-127。
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