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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 33 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. Akaike, H. (1973). Information Theory and an Extension of the Maximum Likelihood Principle, in B. N. Petrov and F. Caski Eds., Proceeding of the Second International Symposium on Information Theory, Budapest: Akademiai Kiado.
    2. Bollerslev, T. (1986). Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity, Journal of Econometrics, 31, 307--327.
    3. Bollerslev, T., R. Engle and J.M. Wooldridge (1988). A Capital Asset Pricing Model with Time-Varing Covariances, Journal of Political Economy, 96, 116--131.
    4. Bollerslev, T. (1990). Modeling the Coherence in Short-Run Nominal Exchang Rates: A Multivariate Generalized ARCH Model, Reviews of Economics and Statistics, 72, 498--505.
    5. Bollerslev, T. and J.M. Wooldridge (1992). Quasi-Maximum Likelihood Estimation and Inference in Dynamic Models with Time-Varing Covariances, Econometric Reviews, 11, 143--172.
    Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李常春(2005)。不同條件相關係數與共變異數模型在預測能力方面之比較。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2005。1-58。 
    2. 葉毓琪(2009)。原油及大宗穀物之波動關係與避險策略分析。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2009。1-79。 
    3. 陳安琳(2007)。動態條件相關係數-台股與美股的實證。臺灣大學財務金融學研究所學位論文。2007。1-50。 
    4. 吳旻容(2007)。台灣股市的波動外溢效果之研究。政治大學國際經營與貿易研究所學位論文。2007。1-44。
    5. 蔡靜涵(2011)。個別國家與全球股市超額報酬與風險抵換關係之探討 -以台灣及韓國為例。政治大學經濟研究所學位論文。2011。1-69。
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