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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 13 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. (1) ”Bridge Scour”, Bruce W. Meville and Stephen E. Coleman Water Resources Publications,LLC,2000
  2. (5) 周憲德、吳沛倫、王新貴、張藝馨『裸露圓柱橋基之局部沖刷分析』中國土木水利工程學會,學刊第十四卷第4期(1994)
  3. (11) 林高玄『基礎裸露橋梁之耐洪能力評估』,國立台灣大學碩士論文,蔡益超教授指導(2004)
  4. (2) FHWA(1988) , Hydraulic Engineering Circular No. 18
  5. (3) FHWA(1986) Inspection of Fracture Critical Bridge Menbers
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳建宏(2009)。模糊決策在洪水期間橋梁安全預警系統之應用-以新海大橋為例。中原大學土木工程研究所學位論文。2009。1-115。 
  2. 蔡鎮安(2012)。以結構振動訊號診斷橋梁受沖刷之安全性研究。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2012。1-171。 
  3. 郭筱琪(2006)。橋梁耐洪能力電腦輔助評估系統。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2006。1-195。 
  4. 林其穎(2011)。橋梁沖刷監測預警系統建置之試驗研究。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2011。1-190。
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