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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 169 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王冠今、苗迺芳、陳鳳英、張玉梅、陳靜敏(2009).臺灣社區老人的健康行爲及其相關因素研究.健康促進暨衛生教育雜誌,29,73-94。
  2. 王培寧、李明濱(2009).代謝症候群與失智症.臺灣醫界,52(12),11-13。
  3. 王普善(2010).基層醫療病患健康促進生活型態、生活技能、靈性健康與自覺疲勞之相關研究-以臺北市某診所為例.未發表的碩士論文,臺北:國立臺北教育大學生命教育與健康促進研究所。
  4. 王瑞霞、陳彰惠(2003) .由文獻回顧檢視潘德健康促進模式.護理雜誌,50 (6),
  5. 王瑞霞、許秀月(1997).社區老年人健康促進行為及其相關因素的探討-以高雄市三民區老人為例.護理研究,5(4),321-329。
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