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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 161 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王世義,2007,〈臺灣立法委員選舉制度對政黨政治之影響〉,國立臺灣大學國 家發展研究所碩士學位論文。
    2. 王鼎銘、郭銘峰、黃紀。2008a。〈「混合選制」下選民之一致與分裂投票:1996 年日本眾議員選舉自民黨選票之分析〉,《選舉研究》15(2):101-130。
    3. 王鼎銘、郭銘峰、黃紀,2008b,〈選制變過程下杜佛傑心理效應之檢視:從日本眾議院選制變革的經驗來觀察〉,《問題與研究》47(3):1-28。
    4. 王鼎銘、郭銘峰,2009,〈混合式選制下的投票思維:臺灣與日本國會選舉變革經驗的比較〉,「臺灣選舉與民主化調查計畫學術研討會」, 1 月17-18 日, 臺北市:國立臺灣大學社會科學院。
    5. 朱雲漢、黃德福、江大樹,1996,〈立委選舉-選區劃分之評估與建議〉,《律師通訊》150:24-28。
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