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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Andrikopoulos, A. (2005) “The Real-Option Approach to Intellectual Capital Analysis : A Critique,” Knowledge and Process Management,12, Number 3 , pp 217-224.
  2. Cox, J.C., Stephen, A.R. and M. Rubinstein (1979)”Option Pricing: A Simplified Approach,” Journal of Financial Economics, 7, pp 229-263
  3. Garner, J.L., Jouahn, N. and R.E. Ottoo, (2002)”Determinants of corporate growth opportunities of emerging firms,” Journal of Economics and Business, 54, pp 73-93
  4. Granstrand, O. (1999) ” The Economics and Management of Intellectual Property,” Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.
  5. Hou, J.L. and H.Y. Lin, (2006) “A multiple regression model for patent appraisal,” Industrial Management & Data Systems, 106, pp 1304-1332.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王偉宇(2009)。利用專利趨勢分析探討短距離無線技術之Zigbee的應用領域。臺北科技大學電資碩士班學位論文。2009。1-136。 
  2. 李奇峰(2010)。生技製藥產業專利技術之價值評估模式與投資策略。臺灣大學財務金融組學位論文。2010。1-166。 
  3. 鍾俊魁(2011)。高科技公司專利策略佈局與運用之研究。臺灣大學國際企業學研究所學位論文。2011。1-100。
  4. 鍾彧華(2012)。Nichia LED專利策略研究。臺北科技大學服務與科技管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-127。
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