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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 127 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王裕權、張元聰. 2007. 洋桔梗育苗技術探討. 臺南區農業改良場研究彙報 50:39-48.
  2. 林嘉洋. 2006. 耐熱矮牽牛之耐熱性與耐熱指標. 國立臺灣大學園藝學系碩士論文.
  3. 陳思如. 2007. 非洲菊耐熱指標與切花生理. 國立臺灣大學園藝學系碩士論文.
  4. 陳俊仁、胡文若、王瑞張、孫文章. 2007. 多年生景觀植物之搜集與利用. 臺南區
  5. 許謙信、魏芳明、田雲生、陳彥睿. 2002. 菊花電照省電方式之研究:省電燈泡
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐駿逸(2015)。鼠尾草屬植物之花器生物學、生殖系統與種間雜交。臺灣大學園藝暨景觀學系學位論文。2015。1-176。 
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