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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 119 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳坤虎、雷庚玲、吳英璋(2005)。不同階段青少年之自我認同內容及危機探索之發展差異。「中華心理學刊」,47,249-268。
  2. Adams, G. R., Bennion, L. D., Openshaw, D, K., & Bingham, C. R. (1990). Windows of vulnerability: Identifying critical age, gender, and racial differences predictive of risk for violent deaths in childhood and adolescence, Journal of Primary Prevention, 10, 223-240.
  3. Adams, G. R., & Fitch, S. A. (1982). Ego stage and identity status development: A cross-sequential analysis Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 43, 574-583.
  4. Adams, G. R., & Shea, J. A. (1979). The relationship between identity status, locus of control, and ego development. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 8, 81-89.
  5. Archer, S. L. (1989). The status of identity: Reflections on the need for intervention. Journal of Adolescence, 12, 345-359.
Times Cited (35) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉冠妏(2009)。青少年期遭受隱性攻擊事件的女孩之敘說研究。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2009。1-158。 
  2. 張舒涵(2013)。戰後基隆委託行空間文化形式之研究(1970s)。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2013。1-318。 
  3. 葉濬彰(2011)。社區老人的主觀社會地位、自尊、自我掌控信念與憂鬱之關係。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-77。 
  4. 許舒雅(2008)。桃園區高中生獨生子女的親子三角關係、同儕關係與心理健康之關聯性研究。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2008。1-113。 
  5. 吳克屏(2007)。行動咖啡館創業家的社會流動與其自主性空間建構之研究。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2007。1-162。 
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