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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐嘉君 (2007) 利用生態棲位模擬 (Ecological Niche Modeling, ENM) 預測物種分佈模式及其於保育生物學上的應用。林業研究專訊,14(1) : 36。
  2. 梁玉琦 (2004) 台灣生態區分區之研究。國立台灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所碩士論文。
  3. Beerling, D.J., Bailet, J.P. and Conolly, A.P. (1994) Fallopia Japonica (Houtt.) Ronse Decraene. The Journal of Ecology, 82(4): 959–979.
  4. DiTomaso, J.M. (2000) Invasive weeds in rangelands. Species, impacts, and management. Weed Science, 48: 255–265.
  5. Ficetola, G. F., Thuiller, W. and Miaud, C. (2007) Prediction and validation of the potential global distribution of a problematic alien invasive species — the American bullfrog. Diversity and Distributions, 13: 476–485.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林雅(2010)。運用空間資訊技術在社區監測─以宜蘭縣無尾港鳥類調查為例。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2010。1-116。 
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