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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余貞誼,2005,〈質性研究如何進行深度訪談與建立互信關係〉。《婦研縱橫》76:31-47。
  2. 李郁璇,2011,《農業多功能論下農村永續社區之研究─以苗栗縣後龍鎮灣寶社區為例》。臺北:國立臺北大學都市計劃研究所碩士論文。
  3. 李素馨、侯錦雄,2004,〈臺灣休閒農業之體驗付費與觀光商品化現象〉。《觀光研究學報》10(1):133-145。
  4. 李承嘉、廖麗敏、陳怡婷、王玉真、藍逸之,2009,〈多功能農業體制下的農地功能與使用方案選擇〉。《臺灣土地研究》12(2):135-162。
  5. 徐榮崇、張峻嘉,2008,〈苗栗縣南庄鄉觀光休閒產業發展分析:從「蕃地」到「咖啡之鄉」的時空歷程〉。《鄉村旅遊研究》2(2):55-68。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭名揚(2016)。坪林茶戶長:茶農、茶師、茶商的技藝養成與生命風格。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2016。1-146。 
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