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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 1.王皇玉,醫療過失中的因果關係:從邱小妹人球案談起,臺大法學論叢,第41卷第2 期,頁725-793,2012年6月
    2. 3.王馨儀、楊玉玟等,臺日預防接種受害救濟體系之比較分析,疫情報導,第29卷第1期,頁1-9,2013年1月。
    3. 4.李志宏、施肇榮,藥害救濟法修正案:藥物使用依醫囑或仿單,臺灣醫界,第54期第6卷,頁30-36, 2011年6月。
    4. 7.林東龍等,他山之石—美國和澳洲執行「公開揭露」機制之經驗與啟示,台灣公共衛生雜誌,第31期第3卷,頁205-216,2012年6月。
    5. 8.邱淑媞,病人及大眾對於醫師主動揭露醫療錯誤之看法—對實證文獻之回顧,台灣公共衛生雜誌,第26卷第5期,頁339-352,2007年10月。
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