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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 310 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 2. 邱聯恭,「值得當事人信賴的真實」,收錄於程序制度機能論,三民書局1999年版。
    2. 4. 邱聯恭,「司法之現代化與律師之任務」,收錄於司法之現代化與程序法,三民書局1999版。
    3. 11. 姜世明,「論損害賠償程序中關於損害額確定之舉證責任減輕」,法令月刊52卷11期。
    4. 21. 陳榮宗,「舉證責任之分配」,舉證責任之分配與民事程序法,1979年。
    5. 2. 三谷忠之,民事訴訟法講義,成文堂2002年初版。
    Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
    1. 何秉桓(2018)。內線交易團體訴訟之研究。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2018。1-144。 
    2. 陳緯人(2009)。國際商務仲裁證據法則與其所涉仲裁判斷之承認及執行。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2009。1-189。 
    3. 李小芬(2008)。醫療民事責任因果關係之研究。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2008。1-191。 
    4. 張永輝(2009)。論民事舉證責任分配法則在我國之發展。臺北大學法律學系學位論文。2009。1-215。
    5. 林裕翔(2010)。論醫療訴訟之請求權基礎。政治大學法學院碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-112。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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