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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Alistair Byrne, Investment decision making in defined contribution pension plans, 2004.
  2. David Blake, The UK Pension System: Key Issues, 2003.
  3. E. Philip Davis, Regulation of private pensions – A case study of the UK 2000.
  4. E Philip Davis, Prudent Person Rules or Quantitative Restrictions? The Regulation of Long-Term Institutional Investors’ Portfolio, 2002.
  5. E Philip Davis, Is there a Pensions Crisis in the UK? 2004.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳淑惠(2013)。探討勞退基金管理機制自選平台與其對商業年金保險發展之影響。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-68。 
  2. 莊立德(2014)。勞退基金委外績效與總體變數關聯性之研究。臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2014。1-54。 
  3. 任奕俠(2012)。勞退新制開放自選之研究。臺灣大學財務金融學研究所學位論文。2012。1-34。 
  4. 李豪(2006)。變額壽險與變額年金對消費者退休規劃之優劣比較。政治大學經營管理碩士學程(EMBA)學位論文。2006。1-64。
  5. 陳亮妤(2007)。我國勞工退休金改制之研究。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2007。1-148。
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