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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Allen, P., FitzSimmons, M., Goodman, M. and Warner, K. (2003) Shifting plates in the agrifood landscape: the tectonics of alternative agrifood initiatives in California, Journal of Rural Studies, 19: 61-75.
  2. Beus, C. E. and Dunlap, R. E. (1990) Conventional versus alternative agriculture: the paradigmatic roots of the debate, Rural Sociology, 55(4): 590-616.
  3. Born, B. and Purcell,. M. (2006) Avoiding the Local Trap Scale and Food Systems in Planning Research, Journal of Planning Education and Research, 26: 195-207.
  4. Ellis, F. (1993) Peasant economics : farm households and agrarian development, New York: Cambridge University Press.
  5. Halfacree, K. (2006) Rural space: constructing a three-fold architecture. In: P. J. Cloke, T. Marsden and P. H. Mooney (eds.) Handbook of rural studies, Lodon: Sage Publication, 44-62.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭玉欣(2015)。當「我們」在一起:都市合作農耕之社會技術配置。臺灣大學社會學研究所學位論文。2015。1-106。 
  2. 丁維萱(2013)。農民的農業價值轉化、再定義與實踐-以新竹二、三重埔土地徵收案為例。臺灣大學生物產業傳播暨發展學研究所學位論文。2013。1-102。 
  3. 江欣樺(2016)。種茶或營造自然:坪林文山包種茶業生產場域的象徵鬥爭。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2016。1-148。
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