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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 120 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Chapter 1
  2. 1.P. Yeh and C. Gu, Optics of Liquid Crystal Display, Wiley (1999).
  3. 2.G. Stojmenovik, Ion Transport and Boundary Image Retention in Nematic Liquid Crystal Displays, Universiteit Gent (2004).
  4. 3.Y. Xia and G. M. Whitesides, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci 28, 153 (1998).
  5. 8.E. Kim, Y. Xia, and G. M. Whitesides, Nature 376, 581 (1995).
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周祖銳(2017)。利用摻雜及後處理技術製作高導電PEDOT:PSS膜用於液晶顯示器。臺灣大學物理學研究所學位論文。2017。1-100。 
  2. 黃久菖(2015)。以液晶元件作為光學調制器並實現其增強光電性能上的應用。臺灣大學物理研究所學位論文。2015。1-95。 
  3. 黃麗真(2012)。液晶與高分子對於光電元件的製作與應用。臺灣大學物理研究所學位論文。2012。1-133。 
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