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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王甫昌(1996),〈臺灣反對運動的共識動員:一九七九至一九八九年兩次挑戰高峰的比較〉,《臺灣政治學刊》第1期,頁129-207,
  2. 王振寰(1989),〈臺灣的政治轉型與反對運動〉,《臺灣社會研究季刊》第2卷第1期,頁71-116,1989年7月春季號。
  3. 朱政坤(2011),「警察命令解散處分之研究」,國立臺灣大學法律學院法律學系碩士論文,2011年7月。
  4. 林紀東(1991),《中華民國憲法釋論》改訂第54版,臺北市:大中國圖書,1991年9月。
  5. 城仲模(1990),〈四十年來之行政法〉,《法令月刊》41卷10期,頁64-81,1990年10月。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 傅鈺如(2017)。國家大規模興訟與政策爭議:以全國關廠工人案與華光社區案為例。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2017。1-116。 
  2. 張嘉婷(2014)。論公民不服從之刑事責任–以可罰違法性之相對輕微型為中心–。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2014。1-173。 
  3. 高郁婷(2016)。徒步導覽的文化正當性政治。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2016。1-139。
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