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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉君雅、唐代彪、鄧志松,(2009),《臺灣低生育率之空間分析》,〈人口學刊〉
  2. 姚雅清,(2007)。影響犯罪率之社會經濟因素相關分析。〈中興大學應用經濟系所〉
  3. 楊國樞、葉啟政,(1991)。臺灣的社會問題
  4. 賴致瑜,(2006),《臺北市住宅竊盜犯罪地圖製作與犯罪區位分析》,〈國立臺灣大學地理環境資源研究所碩士論文〉
  5. 張芝瑞,(2010),《2004~2009年高雄市街頭搶奪犯罪製圖與時空分析》,〈國立臺北大學犯罪學研究所碩士論文〉
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 龔仕元(2013)。我國營業稅稽徵人力離職因素空間分析。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2013。1-106。 
  2. 吳怡潔(2016)。統計區分類系統發布層級評估。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2016。1-70。
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