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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 277 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳秀光、吳宗憲,2008,〈台北市政府促進民間參與公共建設政策之研究〉,《政策研究學報》,8:23-75。
  2. 宋志富,1994e,〈專訪議長陳振清,談現階段努力方向〉,馬祖日報,8/27,第2版。
  3. 洪鴻智,2000,〈公共選擇與環境風險設施管制政策工具的選擇〉,《都市與計劃》,27(1):47-63。
  4. 郭昱瑩,2008,〈政府職能與財政政策之析論〉,《研考雙月刊》,32(2):30-40。
  5. 陳宗宇,2007,《應用資料包絡分析法評估臺灣機場績效》,桃園:元智大學工業工程與管理研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱祖顥(2017)。民主化後的馬祖地方政治生態與地方政治菁英的動員、經營與結盟。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2017。1-166。 
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