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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 134 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尹光保,(2007),地方型非營利組織在觀光產業發展中所扮演的角色功能、困境及其優勢-以清境觀光發展促進會為例,碩士論文,暨南大學公共行政與政策學系學位論文,南投。
  2. 吳宗瓊、莊竣安、藍美珍,(2012),阿里山地區觀光衝擊及管理策略之解析-政府角色與地方意識之視角,鄉村旅遊研究,6(2),1-15。
  3. 宋光宇,(1982),清境與吉洋 從滇緬邊區來臺義民聚落的調查報告,中央研究院歷史語言研究所集刊,747-794。
  4. 李元喻,(2013),應用景觀指數評估地景變遷與其對水質及生態之衝擊-以台北水源特定區為例,碩士論文,臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所,臺北。
  5. 李素馨、林敬妤、吳治達,(2012),都市邊緣農村地景破碎化研究,臺灣土地研究,15(2),59-85。
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