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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂世昌,2002,〈單一選區兩票制政治效果之研究〉,國立臺灣師範大學三民主義研究所博士論文。
  2. 邱榮舉、謝欣如,2005,〈論臺灣政府體制之憲政改造〉,《憲政改造與兩岸關係學術研討會》,臺北:臺灣大學國家發展研究所主辦,2005年6月18日。
  3. Cox,Gary W.& Frances Rosenbluth,September 1993,“The Electoral Fortunes of Legislative Factions in Japan.”American Political Science Review,Vol.87,NO.3,pp.577-589..
  4. Rae ,Douglas W.,1969,The Political Consequences of Electoral Laws, New Haven : Yale University Press.
  5. Rigger ,Shelley,1999,Politics in Taiwan : voting for democracy, London ; New York : Routledge.
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周佑政(2016)。太陽花學運後台灣新興政黨的形成與發展 -時代力量黨與社會民主黨的個案研究。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2016。1-154。 
  2. 莊卓穎(2015)。臺灣成形中之地方政治新生態初探:從縣市層級選舉觀察臺中市與嘉義縣地方派系。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2015。1-166。 
  3. 謝雅筑(2011)。日本眾議院選制變革對政黨政治的影響。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2011。1-106。 
  4. 黃國虹(2011)。臺灣第三勢力之空間分析。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2011。1-74。 
  5. 呂璨戎(2008)。混合制國會選舉制度對台灣政黨體系影響之初探:兼論日本之經驗。政治大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2008。1-169。
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