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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王業立、楊瑞芬,2001年,〈民意調查與政黨提名:1998年民進黨立委提名與選舉結果的個案研究〉,《選舉研究》,第8卷第2期,pp.1-29。
  2. 王業立、彭怡菲,2004年,〈分裂投票:一個制度面的分析〉,《台灣政治學刊》,第8卷第1期,pp.3-45。
  3. 王嵩音,2010年,〈台灣選民媒介使用對於候選人形象與評價之影響:傳統媒介vs.新媒《傳播與管理研究》,第10卷第1期,pp.3-36。
  4. 田弘華、劉義周,2005年,〈政黨合作與杜瓦傑法則:連宋配、國親合的賽局分析〉,《台灣政治學刊》,第9卷第1期 ,pp.3-37 。
  5. 包正豪,2009年,〈政黨認同等於政黨鐵票?2000-2008年總統選舉中 選民投票抉擇之跨時性分析〉,《淡江人文社會學刊》,第40期 ,pp.67-90 。
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