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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 225 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 13. 施文高,比較著作權法制,1993年。
  3. 20. 楊崇森,著作權之保護,正中書局,1977年。
  4. 24. 詹森林、馮震宇、林明珠,消費者保護叢書之一—認識消費者保護法,行政院消費者保護委員會編印,1995年2月。
  5. 25. 詹森林,民法研究Ⅰ,民法研究會編輯,1999年。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李侑達(2011)。數位時代的著作權集體管理─著作流通與利用的觀點。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2011。1-136。 
  2. 賴馨寧(2009)。金融創新之法律保護方式分析。臺灣大學財務金融學研究所學位論文。2009。1-216。 
  3. 劉得為(2008)。個人資料庫的隱私保護-以我國戶籍制度為例。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2008。1-192。 
  4. 陸詩雅(2009)。從羅斯之正義論探討人群生物資料庫之惠益共享。臺北大學法律學系學位論文。2009。1-136。
  5. 胡嘉雯(2014)。地球觀測衛星產出資料之歸屬與近用 -以歐盟「資料庫法律保護指令」之應用為中心。清華大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2014。1-104。
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