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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 2. 王穆衡、張世龍、張贊育、黃立欽(2012),「我國公路汽車(市區)客運偏遠或服務性路線市場之發展回顧與探討」,運輸計劃季刊,第41卷,第2期,頁165-192。
    2. 4. 呂錦山、方菀萍(2001),「高雄港貨櫃市場行銷策略之研究」,運輸計劃季刊,第30卷,第二期,頁439-480。
    3. 5. 林聖偉(2005),「需求反應式運輸服務需求分析之研究-以醫療運輸為例」,淡江大學運輸管理學系碩士論文。
    4. 8. 胡凱傑、馮正民、王鈞暐(2013),「偏遠地區公路客運補貼路線之績效評估」,運輸計劃季刊,第42卷,第三期,頁275~304。
    5. 12. 張學孔、吳奇軒、陳育生(2009),「計程車產業政策關鍵因素分析」,運輸計劃季刊,第38卷,第二期,頁173-200。
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